Iran For Baha’is, a difficult place to live : Recent Land confiscation and Mass Displacement

Iran For Baha’is, a difficult place to live : Recent Land confiscation and Mass Displacement

Synopsis (400)

The Islamic Republic of Iran declares Shi’i Islam as its state religion, and perceives just Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism as other genuine religions. The three minority religions are genuine by the Constitution and concurred certain lawful and political rights. The Baha’is, nonetheless, Iran’s biggest non-Muslim minority, are not referenced in the Constitution and have the status of unprotected unbelievers. Since the beginning of the Islamic revolution in the fall of 1978, in excess of 200 Baha’is, mostly heads of the local area, have been executed. Baha’i organizations have been disbanded, local area properties confiscated, sacred and religious places annihilated, and graveyards befouled. Baha’is have no social liberties. They can’t hold government positions, uphold legitimate agreements, provide legal counsel, gather annuities, go to institutions for higher education, and also can’t practice their faith. This article is based on the recent act of forcefully driving people of Baha’is community out of their village, confiscating their lands, Oppressing them and upon filing a case oppression against them was seen as a justified act. This gives a clear evidence of violation of human rights to the international communities.


Background (400)

Ivel was the summer home for sheep ranchers from the encompassing area of Mazandaran. There have been Bahá’ís in the far off town for over a century and a half. In fact, since the years promptly following the foundation of the Bahá’í Faith in mid-nineteenth century Iran, Bahá’ís have involved about half of the portion of Ivel’s population.


From its beginning, the Bahá’í people group advanced cultural, financial and social improvements in Ivel. Notwithstanding the job they played in the zone’s horticulture, they set up a school at which neighbourhood youngsters, regardless of their religion, were taught. The Bahá’ís likewise constructed a shower house for use by the residents, which included adjustments to the neighbourhood repository and the acquaintance of modernizations with improve the office’s degrees of cleanliness and improved the hygiene of the surrounding.


Oppression through Expulsion and Displacement (400)


Regardless of the great job Bahá’ís have played locally, they have encountered a progression of mistreatments to a great extent portrayed by mass displacement and oppression, and the destruction, destroying and seizure of their properties. In 1941, for instance, lives were endangered when locals animated neighbourhood residents to assault the Bahá’ís. They were captured, seriously beaten and exposed to blackmail; their homes and assets were ravaged. Alas, they were ousted to a town seven kilometres away. At the point when the circumstance facilitated a few months after the fact, the Bahá’ís got back to their hereditary homes and ranches.[1]


Another episode happened in June 1983. The Bahá’ís were constrained out of their homes and moved by transport to the closest significant city, Sari. At the point when they showed up, the specialists made them return. Getting back to Ivel, more than 130 of them were detained and held hostage in a mosque for three days with no food or water.[2]


From that point forward, a large portion of the Bahá’í homes have stayed empty, their inhabitants having fled because of the frequent episodes of brutality or because of official displacement or even the fear of it. A large number of the Ivel Bahá’ís have dwelled close by and re-visit of the town just in the summer to plant and harvest their yields and watch out for their properties. Even this was required to have a consent of the local police and court orders. The necessary composed consent from the police and the court for the Bahá’ís were routinely pestered during their short stays resulting into clear act of harassing a minority community.


In 2007, six of their homes were burnt. In 2010, homes to around 50 Bahá’í families were crushed and torched. At that point, reports demonstrated that 90% of Bahá’í-claimed homes had been obliterated. The demolitions were important for a long-running effort to remove Bahá’ís from the district. The goal of this mission has been for the Bahá’ís to stay away for the indefinite future to Ivel and to assume control over their properties.[3]


Bahá’ís have chossen to go on the path of legal remedies for over thirty years, but they are left without much of any result. Various protests were documented with specialists at all levels however, when all is said in done, they were met with apathy. For each situation, information on the demolitions or the rationale behind them was denied by the government authorities. Sometimes, the decisions have been supportive of the Bahá’ís. Notwithstanding, authorities claim that they could do little to guarantee that to execute the decisions even with the resistance Bahá’ís face from the fellow residents.


Recent Courts decision (400)


On 1 August 2020, Branch 54 of the Special Court for Article 49 of the Constitution in Tehran gave a last order which was binding, deciding the ownership for lands belonging to Bahá’ís of Ivel to be illegal.[4]


On 13 October 2020, Branch 8 of the Court of Appeal of Mazandaran governed against the authenticity of the ownership of 27 Bahá’ís of Ivel and embraced the ruling for the Sitád-I-Ijrá’íy-I-Farmán-I-Imám (the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order, known as EIKO) to sell the land possessed by the Bahá’ís. Following this request, the case was then shut.[5]


Property confiscation: Feature of Religious prosecution (400)

Since the Iran revolution in 1979 shameful acts like land confiscation, harassment to the bahai’s minority community has been a continuous process. The above mentioned incidences are the most recent ones. Hundreds of business and family properties have been taken forcefully from the ownership of the entitlement of the Bahai’s community. In the month of November last year Over a hundred government specialists attacked the shops and homes of several Baha’is across Iran and ordered that they hand over their property deeds. The concurrent attacks were arranged in seven urban areas around the country and came only hours into a 15-day public lockdown forced to slow Covid-19 in the country.[6]


Diane Ala’i representative of the Baha’I International Community to the United Nations in Genenva said that, these Coordinated attacks and raids against Baha’is showcases the basic human rights violation without no specific ground except the religious bias. Especially, invading homes, Oppressing them, torching their properties, taking land rights and many more. These are no other that a form of Social terrorism inside one’s own country. She also added that Iran’s administration has since quite a while ago utilized property seizures to devastate the Baha’i people group,” Ala’i added, “anyway Iranians of good soul realize that the Baha’is just wish is to add to the advancement of Iran and that they are honest. The genuine wrongdoing is Iran’s administration putting its hands on the well-deserved livelihoods and properties of its Baha’i residents.”


From such deeds It seems that oppression of bhais community in Iran is a feature of Religious prosecution and government of Iran seem to back this all up.

[1] Danesh, A. (1988). Iran’s Baha’is: Facing a bleak prospect. New Zealand International Review, 13(2), 2-8. doi:10.2307/45233745


[2] KAZEMZADEH, F. (2000). The Baha’is in Iran: Twenty Years of Repression. Social Research, 67(2), 537-558. Retrieved January 27, 2021, from


[3] 2021. [online] Available at: <>


[4] 2021. Court of Appeal in Tehran, Special Court for Article 49 of the Constitution confirms ruling to confiscate Baha’i properties in the Village of Ivel | Archives of Bahá’í Persecution in Iran. [online] Available at: <>


[5] 2021. Final Verdict of Provincial Court of Appeal in Mazandaran to confiscate the properties of the Baha’is of Ivel | Archives of Bahá’í Persecution in Iran. [online] Available at: <>



[6] 2021. Home raids across Iran indicate alarming increase in human rights violations against Baha’is, says Baha’i International Community. [online] Available at: <>


Article written by-

Krunal Parekh

Student at Jindal School of Government and Public Policy

(HRDI Internship)