Release of the song and Hajipour’s arrest
The song was first released on September 28, 2022, on Shervin Hajipour’s Instagram account and it was taken down from the platform in less than 48 hours following Hajipour’s arrest by the authorities on September 29.
The arrest sparked reactions internationally. Posting the phrase “Hey, Ayatollah, leave them kids alone” in uppercase with exclamation marks, Roger Waters retweeted the song’s music video. Hajizadeh was eventually released on bail on October 4, 2022.
Upon its release, Baraye became an instant hit and immediately turned into the unofficial anthem of the uprising. In less than 48 hours the song received about 40 million views. It was widely used during gatherings, from schools and universities to streets, both nationwide and across the globe. It was broadly circulated in social media and foreign TV channels and radio stations as well. The song also served as the backdrop for several other forms of art such as video works, graphic design and performance art. On November 11, 2022, Roxana Saberi reported the song as “the most viral tune to ever come out of Iran”. Since its release, Baraye has become the single most covered protest song in Iran’s history.
Politics and activism
- During the November 8, 2022 debate in the UK Parliament, MP Rushanara Ali quoted the verse “for my sister, your sister, our sisters” to highlight the importance of the women’s right in the protests, to ask Under-Secretary David Rutley whether the UK Government would support expelling of Iran from the UN Commission on the Status of Women. In response, Rutley called the points of the question the “grassroots nature” of the uprising and reassured that, while the UK is “taking strong action against the Iranians,” these points will be raised with Lord Ahmad, the Minister for the Middle East.
- At the October 5, 2022 debate held by the Senate for the “attacks on the women’s rights and the human rights in Iran”, Senator Mélanie Vogel ended her speech by playing Baraye. Nathalie Goulet, another member of the Senate also used the song in her solidarity video with the uprising.
- To give “voice to brave Iranians” Senator Ratna Omidvar read an English translation of the song at the Senate of Canada on November 3, 2022. She opened her statement by saying:
“Honourable senators, I continue on a sombre note and wish to give voice to the brave Iranian women, men, girls and boys who are facing down a brutal regime in Iran. What better way to do this than to use their own words. These words, which I will read out shortly, were crowdsourced by 25‑year-old musician Shervin Hajipour who captured their essence and put them to music. On release of the song, he was, of course, immediately jailed and tortured before being released again. He has gone silent, but the song has gone viral — not just in Iran but, in fact, globally. I am fortunate enough to understand Persian, and every time I listen to this piece, I go weak in the knees. I am struck by how inclusive the words are, and how they are a musical cry for justice. So here goes…”
- Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai, used the song as the background for her video of solidarity with the Iranian women.
- Prior to and after the match between England and Iran in 2022 FIFA World Cup Baraye was frequently played outside Khalifa International Stadium bringing the Iranians together to show solidarity with people inside Iran.
- On November 4, 2022, Iranian bodybuilder Saeed Noruzi chose Baraye as his posing music while competing in classic physique division of a competition organized by the Austrian Bodybuilding & Physique Sports Federation (ABPF). He finished second in the final results.
Cinema and television
- On November 7, Hanna Sökelandthe the star of the German TV show Princess Charming published a video highlighted by the song Baraye, in which she shaves her hair in solidarity with the uprising.
- The special episode of Die Anstalt dedicated to the Iranian people with Negah Amiri and Enissa Amani as guests was ended with Baraye.
- Baraye is the background music in a video backed by Olivia Colman and Nazanin Boniadi in which celebrities such as Brian Cox and Kate Beckinsale as well as a number of Iranian artists spoke out on the death of Mahsa Amini.
Submission for the Grammys
On October 10, 2022, Variety reported that the protest song received nearly 100,000 submissions for a new category at the coming Grammy Awards. According to the report, the academy’s CEO Harvey Mason Jr. said:
“The Academy is deeply moved by the overwhelming volume of submissions for Shervin Hajipour’s “Baraye” for our new Special Merit Award, Best Song for Social Change. While we cannot predict who might win the award, we are humbled by the knowledge that the Academy is a platform for people who want to show support for the idea that music is a powerful catalyst for change. The Academy steadfastly supports freedom of expression and art that’s created to empower communities in need. Because music serves the world, and the Recording Academy exists to serve music.”
Covers and performances
On October 29, 2022 Baraye was performed by Coldplay in their concert at Estadio River Plate in Buenos Aires and it was simultaneously aired live in 3,400 cinemas across 81 countries. Before inviting Golshifteh Farahani on stage to provide support with the vocals, Chris Martin, the band lead, said:
“We’re gonna sing a song that right now is being sung by many people in Iran and many of the Persian diaspora, people who left Iran after the Revolution. And I don’t know if you’ve seen on the news, but young women and young people are fighting for their freedom, for the right to be themselves, and we believe in this band, that everybody should be able to be themselves as long as you don’t hurt anybody else. So, we fully send our love and support to all of those brave young people fighting for freedom. And this [is] song that they sing which is called Baraye by an artist called Shervin Hajipour, who is in trouble with the authorities just for writing a song about people being free. So, we’re gonna sing his song… You may not know this song, but we’re gonna give it everything because we’re gonna send it with love from here to Iran.”
On November 4, 2022, Rana Mansour was invited by ProSiebenSat.1 to perform her version of the song on the finale of 12th season of The Voice of Germany, in solidarity with the Iranian protesters. After a standing ovation which lasted for nearly 2 minutes, Mansour took a moment to draw attentions to the political arrest of the Iranian rapper Toomaj Salehi in Iran.
At the Kraftklub Hamburg concert on 15 November 2022 (which was held after a four-year band break), Iranian-German singer Maryam.fyi was invited on the stage to perform her cover.
On November 2, 2022, 50 French personalities gathered by Marjane Satrapi performed the song in Persian. The music was arranged by Benjamin Biolay and its video contained scenes of Satrapi’s highly acclaimed animated movie, Persepolis. The participating figures include Chiara Mastroianni and Irène Jacob.
Analysis and views
In an article published by the Los Angeles Times on October 12, 2022, it is explored how the song “became an anthem for the women, freedom and an ordinary life”. In it, Nahid Siamdoust of University of Texas and the author of Soundtrack of the Revolution: The Politics of Music in Iran compares the use of songs in past protests with that of Baraye in the uprising it was written in, and states that “no other uprising has had such a singular anthem” and that it is a song vocalized by one musician, but “written by people at large”. She also writes in her article for Foreign Policy:
The song’s singular overnight success is not a small achievement given the long, rich history of protest songs in Iran. Already at the time of Iran’s Constitutional Revolution in 1906, poets created songs about the spilled blood of the youth who agitated for representative government and, not long after, about the Morning Bird breaking the cage of oppression, which many decades later became one of the most intoned protest songs in post-revolutionary Iran… Although Baraye and other songs of the current protest movement continue this strong tradition, they… no longer call for reforms… In 2009, many activists and musicians of the Green Movement called forth songs from the 1979 revolution to stake a claim to the revolution’s original yet unattained promises. People wore headscarves and wristbands in the green of Imam Hussain and went to their rooftops to shout Allahu akbar to invoke God’s help against a corrupt, earthly power. But this time around, there are no religious signifiers or any demands for reforms. If classical songs are performed, they are not the icon Mohammad Reza Shajarian’s conciliatory song Language of Fire in 2009, when Iranians were still agitating for reforms from within, but his militant 1979 song Night Traveler… The state security system instantly understood the significance of Baraye as a protest song.
“You can arrest the writer, but you can’t arrest the song. It’s already out there. It’s in the hearts of the people. People will chant it. They’ll march with it. That’s exactly the spirit that we wrote this in, is that you can kill a revolutionary, but you can’t kill a revolution. When I see the women singing for freedom, for the students, for our futures, this right to freedom, this right to my humanity, to be valued as a person is so powerful that even with the media blackout, they could not silence the song.”
In his essay How Listening to Music Affects Your Mood posted by Psychology Today, Shahram Heshmat, an associate professor at the University of Illinois, takes Baraye as an example which shows that music can “reflect the mood on a national level” and that in this context, “Baraye expresses Iranians’ painful grievances”.
In the conclusion of Fintan O’Toole‘s talk at Tanner Lectures on Human Values, referring to the use of Baraye in the Iranian protests, Wendy Brown disputes O’Toole’s argument maintaining that the revolutionary potential of art outweighs its fascistic potential. In an interview with Lina Attalah done for the Egyptian newspaper Mada Masr, Fatemeh Sadeghi, Research Associate at the UCL Institute for Global Prosperity explains the reason for the popularity of Baraye:
“The Islamic Republic has declared war on life, disdaining daily life and imposing unprecedented problems such as corruption, precariousness, the environmental crisis and serious discrimination and inequality… This song, its rapid rise in popularity, and the singer’s arrest demonstrate the power of ordinary people to disrupt existing norms.
The German-Persian social scientist Naika Foroutan called the song “the sound of a whole era”.
“Music has always been a healing and comforting medium, the glue to all art forms. It’s so powerful to see “Baraye” unite all Iranians across the world. I think every Farsi-speaking (referring to Persian) person can sing that song at the top of their lungs and mean every word regardless of who they are. I commend Shervin Hajipour’s bravery of releasing this anthem and taking the consequences for it.”
In an analysis in Foreign Policy, Holly Dagres calls the song “the Gen Z anthem” and with reference to the lyrics she writes that “The needs and wants of the protesters were as simple as that but threatening enough for authorities to arrest Hajipour…”
Karim Sadjadpour, a fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace told The Christian Science Monitor: “The single best way to understand Iran’s uprising is not any book or essay, but Shervin Hajipour’s … ‘Baraye’. Its profundity requires multiple views.”
Nick Warner suggests that if one wants to know “what is fueling the protests” they must listen to “the lyrics of the haunting unoﬃcial anthem of the demonstrators in” Baraye.