Demographics of Pakistan

Demographics of Pakistan


Total population

187 million approx.

Regions with significant populations

Primarily Pakistan


Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki and others


Islam (75-90% Sunni, 10-20% Shia[1][2][3][4][5]) with Hindu, Sikh and Christian minorities


Demographics of Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Population of Pakistan, 1961-2003

Population: 187,343,000 (2011 est.)

Growth rate: 1.6%

Birth rate: 31 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Life expectancy: 63.39 years (2009 est.)

male: 62.4 years (2009 est.)

female: 64.44 years (2009 est.)

Fertility rate: 3.58 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate: {{{infant_mortality}}}


Age structure:

0-14 years: 36.7% (male 33,037,943/female 31,092,572)

15-64 years: 59.1% (male 53,658,173/female 49,500,786)

65-over: 4.2% (male 3,495,350/female 3,793,734) (2009 est.)


Sex ratio:

At birth: 1.00 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Under 15: 1.06 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

65-over: 0.82 male(s)/female (2006 est.)



Nationality: noun: Pakistani

Major ethnic: See Ethnic Groups of Pakistan



Official: See Languages of Pakistan

Spoken: See List of Pakistani languages by number of native speakers

Pakistan’s estimated population in 2011 is over 187 million making it the world’s sixth most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Bangladesh. While compared to India, Pakistan’s population is less than one Indian state, Uttar Pradesh whose population is 200 million. During 1950-2011, Pakistan’s urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. In the past, the country’s population had a relatively high growth rate that has, however, been moderated by declining fertility and birth rates. The population growth rate now stands at 1.6%.

Dramatic social changes have led to rapid urbanization and the emergence of megacities. During 1990-2003, Pakistan sustained its historical lead as the second most urbanized nation in South Asia with city dwellers making up 36% of its population. Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis now reside in towns of 5,000 people or more.

Pakistan has a multicultural and multi-ethnic society and hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world as well as a young population.




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